Artikkel
Sammendrag

Successful integration of immigrants is vital for rural areas facing population decline and labour shortage. Yet little is known about the role civil society plays in this process and about the factors that promote or hamper acceptance of immigrants by the local population. By using data from a national survey of the Norwegian population, this article examines rural‐urban differences in attitudes toward immigrants and immigration, and what characteristics rural and urban residents consider important for immigrants who may settle in their locality. The results indicate that people living in rural areas express more negative attitudes toward immigrants and immigration compared to people living in urban areas. Additionally, rural residents place greater importance than their urban counterparts do on immigrants’ participating in local events, speaking the native language, and being willing to adapt to Norwegian values. Sociologia Ruralis, Volume 59, Issue 4


Rapport
Sammendrag Last ned PDF

This report is based on a case study related to work package five on the PLAID project, a European Union funded project under Horizon 2020. The project deals with demonstration activities in European agriculture. In the Norwegian context, this primarily involve field days, field walks and experimental fields. Events are commonly organised by the Norwegian Agricultural Extension Service (NLR) in cooperation with host farmers, but often also involve county officials, experts and other agricultural organizations as partners. Demonstrations provide a meeting place for farmers with different knowledge and experience, as well as advisors and experts with research-based knowledge and knowledge of local conditions. By sharing experiences, participants are able to develop a better understanding of both the theory and practice behind the activity and thus improve outcomes. Findings from two Norwegian studies in combination with those from other parts of Europe will help improve the organisation and effectiveness of demonstration activities in Norway. This case report will describe a theme day about berry production, how Norwegian berry farmers are encouraged to increase the production of berries in tunnels, extend the berry season and optimize the use of fertilizer and pesticides.


Rapport
Sammendrag Last ned PDF

This report is based on a case study related to work package five on the PLAID project, a European Union funded project under Horizon 2020. The project deals with demonstration activities in European agriculture. In the Norwegian context, this primarily involve field days, field walks and experimental fields. Events are commonly organised by the Norwegian Agricultural Extension Service (NLR) in cooperation with host farmers, but often also involve county officials, experts and other agricultural organizations as partners. Demonstrations provide a meeting place for farmers with different knowledge and experience, as well as advisors and experts with research-based knowledge and knowledge of local conditions. By sharing experiences, participants are able to develop a better understanding of both the theory and practice behind the activity and thus improve outcomes. Findings from two Norwegian studies in combination with those from other parts of Europe will help improve the organisation and effectiveness of demonstration activities in Norway. This case report will describe a demonstration day addressing issues regarding ecological sustainability, how to maintain fertility of the ground and protect the soil from rain and erosion. In addition, the demonstration includes the principles of ecology and climate-related issues.


Artikkel
Sammendrag

I denne artikkelen sammenlignes eldres levekår og livskvalitet i bygd og by. Den undersøker hvor tilfredse de eldre er med tilgang til ulike tjenester og deres sosiale deltakelse i lokalsamfunnet. Artikkelen bygger på data fra to nasjonale undersøkelser av innbyggerne i norske kommuner. Den fokuserer på eldres levekår og ulike velferdsindikatorer; tilgang til ulike ressurser og tjenester i lokalsamfunnet, sosiale nettverk, tilhørighet og tillit, og deltakelse i lokalsamfunnet. To funn skiller seg ut. For det første er eldre i rurale kommuner mest fornøyd med kommunale helse- og omsorgstjenester sammenlignet med eldre i urbane kommuner. For det andre rapporterer eldre i rurale kommuner at de har hyppigere og tettere kontakt med sine naboer og at de i større grad deltar i frivillig arbeid enn eldre som bor i urbane kommuner. European Countryside · Vol. 10 · 2018 · No. 2 · p. 232-246


Rapport

Rapporten er basert på resultatene fra et forprosjekt gjennomført i seks distriktskommuner i Midt-Norge 2015/2016. Formålet med forprosjektet var å undersøke hvordan kommuner og frivillig sektor samarbeider innen eldreomsorg, og hva det er som fremmer og styrker samarbeid og hva det er som hemmer samarbeid. Vi har undersøkt hvordan frivillig sektor bidrar innen eldreomsorgen og hvilke utfordringer frivillig sektor har. Rapporten baserer seg på intervju med totalt 23 personer i seks distriktskommuner, 12 representanter for kommunenes eldreomsorg og 11 representanter for frivillig sektor. I tillegg har vi undersøkt holdninger til og deltakelse i frivillig arbeid, basert på data fra «Lokalsamfunnsundersøkelsen», en landsdekkende spørreundersøkelse som Norsk senter for bygdeforskning gjennomfører jevnlig.


Bok
Sammendrag

I denne vitenskapelige antologien formidler en rekke samfunnsforskere forskningsbasert kunnskap om lokalsamfunn, hva et lokalsamfunn kan være og hvilken rolle det spiller. Lokalsamfunn representerer både endring og stabilitet og kapitlene presenterer ulike tematiske innfallsvinkler til lokalsamfunn som fenomen. Sentrale spørsmål i boken handler om hva et lokalsamfunn er, og hvilken rolle fellesskap, identitet, kultur og lokal utvikling spiller i dag. Hvilken betydning har organisasjoner og institusjoner når det kommer til å skape og reprodusere lokalsamfunn, og hvordan påvirkes lokalsamfunn av fenomener som globalisering og mobilitet? Boken har som mål å kunne tilby oppdatert kunnskap og innsikt på feltet. Boken har 21 kapitler skrevet av forskere fra ulike fag, blant annet sosiologi, geografi, antropologi og samfunnsplanlegging. I likhet med lokalsamfunnene den beskriver, representerer boken mangfold og variasjon, både i metode, teori og tematikk. Boken henvender seg til studenter og forskere innenfor samfunnsvitenskapelige fag, fagpersoner innen samfunnsplanlegging og forvaltning og til alle som er opptatt av og interessert i spørsmål som berører lokalsamfunn i bygd og by. Oslo: Cappelen Damm Akademisk


Artikkel
Sammendrag

Despite the rising divorce rate among farm families in Norway, surprisingly little research has examined these break-ups. Drawing on interviews with farm women whose marital or cohabiting relationships broke down, we explore the contradictions between individualization and the moral responsibility embedded in the patriarchal discourse of the family farm. We ask whether farm family dissolution represents a break with patriarchal ideology and practice, and thus threatens the survival of the family farm. A key finding is the struggle to balance establishing new lives for themselves with meeting their felt obligations to the farm. None of the women exercised their full legal rights if they worried that it might destroy the farm business. By ensuring the survival of the farm and the well-being of their children, the women's handling of divorce conforms to cultural conventions and protects the family farm. Gender, Place and Culture: A Journal of Feminist Geography, vol. 22 (1) 37-49


Artikkel
Sammendrag

This article draws on interviews with farm women and men who have experienced a family break up to analyse their experiences of gender expectations in family farming, their fear of stigmatisation and their receipt of help from the rural community. The interviews illustrate their compliance with dominant constructions of rural gendered moralities. Men struggled to live up to the ideals of rural masculinity, which centre on hard work, self-sufficiency and mental strength. Women, who were strongly influenced by the moral norms of rural womanhood, managed to retain their feminine dignity as being caring and considerate of the family. Rural communities are often characterised as nurturing close relationships, but also as being pervaded by social control and gossip. Both women and men interpreted their break up as a private matter and deliberately avoided disclosing their relationship problems in order to protect themselves and their families from gossip, which made it difficult for them to seek and receive help from the rural community. While some of the hardships are recognisable for any divorced couple, the article is concerned with the rural farm particularities of the divorce situation. Sociologia Ruralis. DOI: 10.1111/soru.12065


Artikkel
Sammendrag

This article is concerned with service work conducted on farms, and it explores how men and women's bodies are involved in producing and mediating positive aspects of the rural. The main question is whether the two types of work, farming and tourist hosting, are represented by compatible or conflicting bodies. The analysis is based on interviews with couples from 20 farms. Findings show that farm heritage and culture is central to the farm tourist product, and that dress and appearance, as signifiers of both a farming lifestyle and professional tourist hosting, hold fewer tensions than could be expected from the taken-for-granted difference between the two types of work. Relations between hosts and guests in the different spaces of nature and the home disclose gendered challenges. Men need to incorporate caring aspects in their wilderness activities. Women struggle to balance their own needs and emotions with tourists' expectations – as the personal and the home are commercialised as part of the rural idyll. Interestingly, as service work expands into the agricultural sector, our findings indicate that these two different types of work may gradually lose their distinct embodied differences. Scandinavian Journal of Hospitality and Tourism, Vol. 14, No. 2, 101 – 115


Rapport

Rapporten viser at de fleste landbrukspar ikke har avtaler som regulerer deres formuesforhold. Den baserer seg på ulike datakilder som en spørreundersøkelse blant bønder, analyse av inngåtte ektepakter og intervjuer. En relativt liten andel gifte landbrukspar har skrevet ektepakt. Analysen av ektepaktene viser at de i første rekke blir opprettet for å sikre den ene parten særeie på gården, og ikke for å sikre tilgiftet ektefelle bedre rettigheter. Mens ekteskapsloven i stor grad regulerer hvordan deling skal skje ved skilsmisse, er samboende landbrukspar i mye større grad avhengig av skrevne avtaler for å sikre den enkeltes interesser. Spørreundersøkelsen avdekker imidlertid at de fleste samboere ikke har samboeravtale. Intervjuene viser at mange kvier seg for å ta opp spørsmål omkring økonomiske avtaler. Det er stor usikkerhet omkring regelverket og hvilke rettigheter en har.