Rapport
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Denne rapporten undersøker innbyggernes oppfatning av innbyggermedvirkning i fire sammenslåtte kommuner: Bodø (tidligere Bodø og Skjerstad), Aure (tidligere Aure og Tustna), Kristiansund (tidligere Kristiansund og Frei) og Vindafjord (tidligere Vindafjord og Ølen). Rapporten baserer seg på en spørreundersøkelse i befolkningen i de fire sammenslåtte kommunene.


Artikkel
Sammendrag

I denne artikkelen sammenlignes eldres levekår og livskvalitet i bygd og by. Den undersøker hvor tilfredse de eldre er med tilgang til ulike tjenester og deres sosiale deltakelse i lokalsamfunnet. Artikkelen bygger på data fra to nasjonale undersøkelser av innbyggerne i norske kommuner. Den fokuserer på eldres levekår og ulike velferdsindikatorer; tilgang til ulike ressurser og tjenester i lokalsamfunnet, sosiale nettverk, tilhørighet og tillit, og deltakelse i lokalsamfunnet. To funn skiller seg ut. For det første er eldre i rurale kommuner mest fornøyd med kommunale helse- og omsorgstjenester sammenlignet med eldre i urbane kommuner. For det andre rapporterer eldre i rurale kommuner at de har hyppigere og tettere kontakt med sine naboer og at de i større grad deltar i frivillig arbeid enn eldre som bor i urbane kommuner. European Countryside · Vol. 10 · 2018 · No. 2 · p. 232-246


Artikkel
Sammendrag

Food's role in tourism is multifaceted and complex. Food is not only essential to the body but is also integral to the experience; moreover, it is elusively embedded within society, culture, politics, institutions, and economy. Although food's complexity is conceptually explored within tourism studies, empirical investigations into the consumption of food are few and far between. In this study, we contribute an empirical analysis that employs both quantitative and qualitative data from fieldwork in a rural Norwegian region where there have been sustained efforts to develop and integrate “local food” and rural tourism. Three research questions are investigated: to what extent is “local food” consumed by tourists? What factors affect tourists' consumption of local food? For tourists interested in local food, what purpose does the consumption of “local food” serve? We find that only a minority of rural tourism's tourists have a special interest in food. Nonetheless, for those who possess this interest, we find that local food plays an important role to their tourist experiences. Furthermore, the study suggests that local food is a means employed by parents to educate their children in the ways of “the rural idyll”. Scandinavian Journal of Hospitality and Tourism, 10.1080/15022250.2015.1066918


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Sammendrag

I mange samfunnsvitenskapelige studier har fremveksten av økologisk landbruk blitt analysert i lys av politiske virkemidler, markedssituasjonen for økologisk mat og bøndenes egne motiver for landbruksproduksjon og for innovasjon. I artikkelen Development of organic farming in Norway: A statistical analysis of neighbourhood effects som trykkes i tidsskriftet Geoforum, analyserer Hilde Bjørkhaug og Arild Blekesaune hvordan økologisk landbruk som innovasjon spres geografisk i Norge. Geoforum 5(2013): 201-210


Artikkel
Sammendrag

The purpose of this article is to investigate whether and to what degree participation in physical activity among adolescents is associated with area economic deprivation in the municipality where they live. In the study we took account of aggregated informal social capital at the municipality level and compositional effects due to spatial concentration of individual variables known to be associated with physical activity. These include informal social participation, participation in other cultural activities, and family affluence. The study was based on a secondary analysis of data from the Norwegian HUNT study and municipality characteristics from the Norwegian Social Science Data Service 'Commune Database' from 2006. The sample consisted of 8114 adolescents whose ages ranged from 13 to 19. The explanatory power of the independent variables on the dependent variable was assessed using a multilevel analysis in which individuals comprised the first level and were nested within the municipality level. The average level of physical activity was not negatively associated with the level of area economic deprivation when we adjusted for informal social participation at the community level. Adjusting for area economic deprivation, we found that informal social participation at the community level was associated with a higher level of participation in physical activity at p< .01. For adolescents in a given municipality, informal social participation is more strongly associated with a higher level of physical activity than the degree of area economic deprivation. This finding supports our social capital hypothesis, which states that the amount of social capital is strengthening the individual's ability to take part in physical activity. International Journal for Equity in Health 2013, 12:56 https://www.equityhealthj.com/content/12/1/56


Artikkel

Sociologia Ruralis. Vol 50(3)225-241, DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-9523.2010.00513.x The article examines a phenomenon associated with the rural idyll – the dream of becoming the owner of a smallholding in the countryside. Much research and policy concern in Norway have focused upon rural–urban migration trends and the consequences of the urbanisation process on the sustainability of rural communities. Less attention has been given to the counter trend, that is, urban dwellers searching for a better quality of life in the countryside. The article is based on data from a Norwegian national survey and analyses a question measuring respondents' interest in buying a smallholding. The analysis involves an estimation of a regression model to determine which demographic, socioeconomic and attitudinal variables influence people's interest in buying a smallholding. Further, we were interested in their plans for the smallholding (farming, residence, second home) and the kind of influences these potential new smallholding owners might have on rural communities. Three categories of potential smallholders are identified: aspiring farmers, country-life lovers and recreation seekers. The results indicate that those who live in urban areas are more interested in buying a smallholding than those already living in rural areas.


Paper

Paper to the XXII ESRS Congress 20-24 August 2007 in Wageningen, The Netherlands Rural areas have undergone significant demographic, social and cultural changes throughout the last 50-60 years, and much research and policy interest has focussed upon rural-urban migration trends and the consequences of the urbanisation process for the sustainability of rural areas. In Norway, less attention has been given to the counter-trend, that is, urban people searching for a better quality of life in the countryside. Associating certain values with rural places – like a safe and clean environment, healthy lifestyles and strong community cohesion – might help to strengthen the attractiveness of the countryside for urban dwellers. For instance, in a Norwegian national survey, six out of ten people agreed with the statement that ‘life in the countryside is more fulfilling than urban life’. Further, 27 percent of respondents reported that they are interested in buying a small-holding in the countryside. While the majority of those surveyed expressed a wish to operate and/or live on the holding, a group of people also aspired to buy a small-holding as a second home. This paper explores the characterisitcs of the different groups who are interested in buying a small-holding and discusses the implications and potential for a future source of revitalisation for rural areas.