Artikkel
Sammendrag

Different forms of rural mobilities, such as everyday travels, commuting practices, business trips, tourism, and short- and long-term migrations, have emerged as a key topic in rural studies. The article discusses the views of second home users in Norway concerning long-term migration to their second home locality as permanent residents. Analysis of large-scale, quantitative material that constitutes a statistical representation of the Norwegian second home population reveals that a preference for translating circular recreational mobility (the use of second homes) into permanent and long-term migration (residency) is widespread among second home users. Further analysis suggests that such rural migration preferences are related more to actors’ everyday life challenges than to amenity and quality-of-life motivations. As a consequence of these findings, the author suggests that rural municipalities attempting to attract second home users into becoming permanent residents need to reorient their policies. Norsk geografisk Tidsskrift – Norwegian Journal of Geography. DOI: 10.1080/00291951.2015.1040832


Artikkel
Sammendrag

In the wake of the EU enlargements in 2004 and 2007, large numbers of migrant workers from Eastern Europe in-migrated to the Western European countryside. In this paper I discuss how these migration streams in important ways challenge the dominant perspectives in contemporary rural studies, in particular their focus on lifestyle-related rural in-migration, on the post-productivist character of the countryside, and on the social constructions of the rural as idyllic space. These perspectives are examined based on qualitative material from in-depth interviews with 54 migrant workers in the Norwegian agricultural industry. These migrants’ everyday experiences in the rural West add important nuance to the dominant scholarly images of rural idylls and dullness, descriptions of rural communities as less marked by class structures than urban regions, and traditionalist presentations of rural social life and communities. European Countryside 6.(4): 327-346


Artikkel
Sammendrag

Dominating strands within the research literature on second homes explain social conflicts between rural hosting and visiting second home populations by describing their differing perspectives on rural development. Such presentations suggest that locals are likely to welcome new developments in order to enhance the economic viability of their rural communities, whereas second home owners advocate conservation of the rural idyll that attracted them in the first place. In this paper, we argue that these simplified differences conceptualised in the contemporary second home research literature are faulty. By analysing 42 qualitative in-depth interviews with second home owners and locals in four Norwegian municipalities, we demonstrate how both locals and second home owners are protective of their rural idyll and, at the very same time, open to rural development. More exactly, locals and second home owners alike generally welcome new activities only when they do not take place in their own vicinity. As such, both categories' interests reflect a “Not in my backyard” (NIMBY) line of logic. Hence, we argue that the major lines of conflict concerning land use in second home municipalities do not run between locals and visitors but between those initiating different kinds of new developments and those appreciating the hitherto existing qualities and appearance of the areas of development localisation. Nevertheless, the influx of second home owners is still influencing the potential for land use conflicts due to the high number of actors present in the same location. In effect, crowding a rural area with second home developments generates more “backyards” and thus guardians of these. Journal of Rural Studies 30 (1): 41-51


Artikkel
Sammendrag Last ned PDF

In recent decades, theories of transnationalism have emerged as key perspectives for analysis of international migration. Drawing on Glorius and Friedrich’s (2006) model of transnationalism, the paper analyses the case of migrant farm labour in rural Norway and demonstrates how the social context of migrants’ work influences their building of various kinds of social-capital resources which are crucial for development of transnational space. The paper argues that circularity of migration is not sufficient to instigate full-fledged transculturation and hybrid identity-formation processes. In conclusion, the paper recommends that transnational theory should pay greater attention to the social contexts of migration and observe the limits of the theory’s application. Mobilities, 7(2):247-268


Rapport

Rapporten er en del av Norsk senter for bygdeforsknings treårige prosjekt om bruk av utenlandsk arbeidskraft i det norske landbruket (2005-2008). Den har tre hovedmål: 1: Gi en oversikt over dagens regelverk og omfang på arbeidsinnvandringen til landbruket, og samtidig sette dette inn i en historisk kontekst (kapitlene 2 og 3). 2: Gi et innblikk i hvordan dette reguleringsregimet praktiseres og evalueres fra landbruket aktører, med spesiell vekt på gårdbrukernes erfaringer med den utenlandske arbeidskraften (kapitlene 4 og 5). 3: Peke på mulige fremtidige utviklingstrekk på feltet, og diskutere hvordan dette kan påvirke landbrukets bruk av utenlandsk arbeidskraft i årene fremover (kapitlene 6 og 7). Analysene bygger på flere datakilder: Diverse offentlig statistikk, surveyen 'Trender i norsk landbruk 2006', nærstudier av tre landbruksområder (kvantitative og kvalitative data), og intervjuer med nøkkelinformanter. Analysene som presenteres i rapporten må for øvrig sees i sammenheng med den øvrige formidlingen av resultater fra prosjektet (se bl.a. Frisvoll m.fl. 2005, Rye 2006, 2007).


Rapport

Rapporten bygger på to sett av data fra 2005 fra private, personlige eiere til skog i Trøndelag: Kvalitative (fokusgruppeintervju) og kvantitative (postal spørreskjemaundersøkelse). Rapporten presenterer kjennetegn ved skogeierne og deres strategier for fremtidig hogst. Den belyser og diskuterer hvilken betydning pris/økonomi, sosiale og kulturelle forhold, teknologi og logistikk, organisering av verdikjeden og urbaniseringsprosesser har for hogst. Studien viser blant annet at det ikke er sosialt ”fysj” å hogge; det må arbeides med å etablere hogstvillighet hos skogeiere; skogeiere er svært forskjellige; pris/økonomi betyr mye for hogst, men ikke alt; skogbruket og grupper av skogeiere beveger seg bort fra hverandre; det må mange, forskjellige og vedvarende tiltak til for å øke hogsten; det å informere ikke er det samme som å motivere – og at det å ikke ”kunne” skogbruk ikke er det samme som å ikke være interessert. I rapporten foreslås tiltaksområder og tiltak for å få opp hogsten.