The CIRCLE project aims to develop an interdisciplinary perspective on the circular economy in the Baltic-Nordic region by integrating insights from sociology, economics, philosophy, political science, and environmental science, and examining its all three - social, economic, and environmental - sustainability dimensions.

The emphasis is placed on the use of byproducts (bioresources) generated as part of primary production in agriculture, forestry, and aquaculture within their sub-sectors and across the sectoral boundaries. We will explore the underlying models of socially- and commercially driven collaborations between the involved parties and the factors facilitating and hindering the development and wider use of circular practices and collaborative arrangements thereof. The project attends to both supply and demand side. This is to be achieved with the application of complementary methods such as literature review, media analysis, qualitative individual and group interviews, national stakeholder and scenario workshops, and cost-benefit analysis.

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